Getty Images The court of Special SIT judge H C Vora convicted Yakub Pataliya based on submissions made earlier in the case by five other accused. This is why it is critical to understand exactly what happened there. Injuries were suffered by another 48 passengers in the train. The 2002 Gujarat riots, also known as the 2002 Gujarat violence and the Gujarat pogrom, was a three-day period of inter-communal violence in the western Indian state of Gujarat. Know about Godhra riots in Hindi on Khabar.NDTV.com, Explore Godhra riots with Articles, Photos, Video, न्यूज़, ताज़ा ख़बर in Hindi with NDTV India Your team’s Premium Access agreement is expiring soon. Free delivery on qualified orders. The bench hearing the case also said that public prosecutors should be appointed in consultation with the SIT chairman. The victims included 27 women and 10 children. It ordered that the SIT would be the nodal agency for deciding about witness protection and also asked that it file supplementary charge sheets and that it may cancel the bail of the accused. Bilal was also alleged to have a connection with gang leader Latif and was reported to have visited Karachi in Pakistan several times. Click here to request Getty Images Premium Access through IBM Creative Design Services. In September 2004, two and half years after the train burning, Yadav appointed former Supreme Court Justice Umesh Chandra Banerjee to investigate the incident. [8] A commission appointed by the central government, whose appointment was later held to be unconstitutional, stated that the fire had been an accident. Communal violence had erupted in several cities of Gujarat in Feb 2002 when, in Godhra, a train was forcibly stopped by a (reportedly Muslim) mob and … A commis… The burning of a train in Godhra on 27 February 2002, which caused the deaths of 58 Hindu pilgrims karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, is cited as having instigated the violence. The Godhra Train Burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 Hindu pilgrims and karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, were killed in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. [31] The initial term of the committee was three months long; however, it received 22 extensions, till June 2014, to submit its final report. {{familyColorButtonText(colorFamily.name)}}, {{ winBackSelfRenewNotification.cta_text }}, {{ winBackContactUsNotification.cta_text }}, View {{carousel.total_number_of_results}} results. “No derogatory remarks were made by Munawar Faruqui at the Indore show,” she said. [72] while, 63 others who were acquitted in 2011 by trial court, were re-acquitted by high court, including the alleged mastermind. [1][2][3][4][5][6][7] The commission set up by the Government of Gujarat to investigate the train burning spent 6 years going over the details of the case, and concluded that the fire was arson committed by a Muslim mob of 1,000 to 2,000 people. Select 100 images or less to download. Inspector D … In May 2005, the POTA review commission decided not to charge the accused under POTA. 364 of 2005 in SCA No. [53] One of the alleged organisers of the attack was arrested in West Bengal. [22] Martha Nussbaum has challenged this narrative, stating that several inquiries have found that the conflagration was an accident rather than a planned conspiracy. [9] A court convicted a group of 31 Muslim individuals for the incident and the conspiracy for the crime. The Getty Images design is a trademark of Getty Images. In 2004, the POTA was repealed after the United Progressive Alliance (UPA) came to power, prompting it to review the invocation of the POTA against the accused. Eight others were juveniles, who were tried by a separate court. [57][58] The 68 people accused in the charge-sheet included 57 accused of stoning and torching the train. On 9 March 2002, Police added Criminal Conspiracy to the charges. © 2021 Getty Images. Relatives pay homage to those killed at Gulbarg Society following the February 2002 Godhra train incident, which sparked communal riots that year, on... Indian troops stage a flag march near the Mandvi area of the riot-torn city of Vadodara, late 03 May 2006. The VHP also organised Sundar Kand recitation by religious leader Ashwin Pathak at a ground on Ankleshwar Maharaj Road, a practice they have followed during years following the incident. इनमें से ज्यादातर कारसेवक थे. Find Godhra Riots Latest News, Videos & Pictures on Godhra Riots and see latest updates, news, information from NDTV.COM. The CPI(M) said that the report reinforced communal prejudices. [60] On 24 July 2015, the prime accused in the Godhra case, Hussain Suleman Mohammad, was arrested by the Godhra crime branch from Jhabua district of Madhya Pradesh. AHMEDABAD: A special SIT court in Gujarat on Wednesday sentenced a man to life imprisonment in the 2002 Godhra train carnage case. {{collectionsDisplayName(searchView.appliedFilters)}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleImages()}}, {{searchText.groupByEventToggleEvents()}}. NEW DELHI: A special court on Tuesday pronounced the death penalty for 11 convicted in the Godhra train burning case and handed down life sentence to 20 others. Collect, curate and comment on your files. [51], By 28 February 2002, 51 people had been arrested for the incident on charges of arson, rioting and looting. The convictions were based on the murder and conspiracy provisions of Sections 302 and 120B of the Indian Penal Code respectively and under Sections 149, 307, 323, 324, 325, 326, 332, 395, 397, and 436 of the Code and some sections of the Railway Act and Police Act. [60] The stay was lifted in January 2011 and the judge announced that he shall pronounce the judgement on 22 February 2011. The state government also challenged the trial court's decision to acquit 61 persons in the High Court and sought death sentences for 20 convicts awarded life imprisonment in the case. (REUTERS) On February 27, 2002, Sabarmati Express arrived at Godhra station in Gujarat. [26][27], On 6 March 2002 the Gujarat government set up a commission of inquiry to investigate the incident and submit a report, the chairman and sole member of which was retired Gujarat High Court judge K G Shah. In February 2003, the POTA was re-invoked against all the accused after the BJP retained control of the Gujarat legislature in the 2002 assembly elections.[64][65]. Hussain (35), who concealed his Godhra background all these years and worked as an auto-driver in Jhabua, was picked up by the Godhra crime branch. The Godhra Train Burning was an incident that occurred on the morning of 27 February 2002, in which 59 Hindu pilgrims and karsevaks returning from Ayodhya, were killed in a fire inside the Sabarmati Express train near the Godhra railway station in the Indian state of Gujarat. Twenty others were sentenced to life imprisonment. [34] The evidence marshalled by the committee in favour of this conclusion was a statement made by Jabir Binyamin Behra, a criminal in custody at the time, although he later denied giving any such statement. As Gujarat burns in the aftermath of riots, the Vadodara-Godhra highway is dotted with the charred remains of vehicles and blazing factories. Special judge P … [20] On 27 February 2002, the train made its scheduled stop at Godhra about four hours late, at 7:43 am. Congress spokesperson Veerappa Moily commented at the strange absolvement of the Gujarat government for complacency for the carnage before the commission's second and final report had been brought out. [76] R. K. Raghavan, who was the head of the Special Investigating Team, said he was satisfied with the verdict. Comedians Rally Behind Munawar Faruqui; Audience Member Denies Any Derogatory Remarks Made A woman claiming to be a part of stand-up comic Munawar … [52] Lalu Prasad Yadav, then the minister for railways, cited the report as proof that the Narendra Modi government had organized the riots that followed, and called it an exposure of the BJP. [41][42][43], Banerjee's findings were challenged in the Gujarat High Court by Neelkanth Tulsidas Bhatia, who was injured in the incident. [36][37], The Communist Party of India (Marxist) and the Indian National Congress objected to the exoneration of the Gujarat government by the commission citing the timing of the report (with general elections months away) as evidence of unfairness. On 25 February, 1,700 people, a mix of pilgrims and karsevaks boarded the Sabarmati Express which was bound for Ahmedabad. As many as 253 witnesses were examined during the trial and over items of 1500 documentary evidences were presented to the court. [71] Thus, all the 31 accused who were convicted earlier in 2011 by the SIT court were given life imprisonment. [70], In October 2017, accepting prosecution's contention that there was a conspiracy behind the incident, the Gujarat High Court commuted the death sentence of 11 convicts to life imprisonment, while upholding the earlier life sentence of 20 others. [68][8], Maulvi Saeed Umarji, who was believed by the SIT to be the prime conspirator, was acquitted[58] along with 62 other accused for lack of evidence. [34] The report concluded that the train was attacked by thousands of Muslims from the Signal Falia area. Read Gujarat Riots: The True Story - The Truth of the 2002 Riots book reviews & author details and more at Amazon.in. This was later unsuccessfully challenged by a relative of the victim before the Gujarat High Court and later on appeal before Supreme Court. Several comics, including Varun Grover, Vir Das, Kaneez Surkha, Agrima Joshua and Rohan Joshi have taken to social media in support of Faruqui. [12][13][14][15] The causes of the fire have yet to be proven conclusively. Most of them were Hindu. In October 2006, the court quashed the conclusions of Banerjee and ruled that the investigation was "unconstitutional, illegal and null and void", declared its formation to be a "colourable exercise of power with mala fide intentions", and its argument of accidental fire "opposed to the prima facie accepted facts on record." As a result, the government reconstituted the commission into a two-member committee, appointing retired Supreme Court judge G T Nanavati to lead the commission, which thus became known as the "Nanavati-Shah Commission". Explore more on Godhra Riots. [citation needed] On 17 March 2002, chief suspect Haji Bilal, a local town councillor and a Congress worker,[54] was captured by an anti-terrorist squad in Godhra. [21], The train was attacked by a mob of around 2,000 people. Following the initial riot incidents, there were further outbreaks of violence in Ahmedabad for three months; statewide, there were further outbreaks of violence against the … We have water and electricity. [38] The commission has been heavily criticised by academics such as Christophe Jaffrelot for obstructing the course of justice, supporting the conspiracy theory too quickly, and for allegedly ignoring evidence of governmental complicity in the incident. [69] The convicted filed appeals in the Gujarat High Court. Estimates of casualties range from the official figures of 790 Muslims and 254 Hindus,[18] to upwards of 2,000 casualties. In November 2003, the Supreme Court of India put a stay on the trial. ", "Hindu–Muslim Relations and the "War on Terror, Report By The Commission of Inquiry Consisting of Mr. Justice G.T. Its scheduled stop at Godhra station, triggering riots in Gujarat, Mohammed Hussain,. 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