Unlike the two other subspecies, Westslope and coastal, Lahontan cutthroat trout are not native to Washington. Chief among these streams is McDermitt Creek, which drains the south slope of Oregon’s Trout Creek Mountains and crosses the state line into the Great Basin of Nevada. The Lahontan cutthroat (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is the largest growing trout native to North America, with early settlers around Nevada’s Pyramid Lake reporting fish up to 60 pounds. Lahontan cutthroat trout inhabit a wide range of habitats from cold, high-elevation mountain streams in California to lower-elevation and highly alkaline desert lakes in Nevada. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout . ... Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, Coyote Lake SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi. While not native to Idaho, Lahontan cutthroat trout are originally native to the Lahontan Basin of northern Nevada, northeastern California, and southeastern Oregon. The Whitehorse Basin Cutthroat Trout refers to a population segment of the cutthroat trout complex from the streams of the Whitehorse Basin, South Eastern Oregon. In California, LCT Koenig explained that Lahontan cutthroat trout are native to the Lahontan basin of northern Nevada, northeastern California, and southeastern Oregon. Lahontan cutthroat trout (Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi) is endemic to the Lahontan Basin of northeastern California, northern Nevada, and southern Oregon. Lahontan cutthroat trout currently occupy a small fraction of their historic range. In ideal environments, the Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to 8 lb (0.11 to 3.63 kg). The scientists found that during the 2015 drought year in southeastern Oregon, only a fraction (about 15 percent) of locations sampled throughout the fish’s known range had water of suitably cool temperature. The Oregon Department of Fish … In the Truckee River system, only Independence Lakehas continuou… The shallow playa lake, located about 80 miles south of Burns, is home to a unique subspecies of Lahontan cutthroat trout. Lahontan cutthroat trout are originally native to the Lahontan Basin, which is located in northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon. The largest cutthroat trout subspecies is the Lahontan cutthroat trout (O. c. henshawi). Ecoregions. The Lahontan cutthroat trout was rediscovered in a "dinky" stream near the Nevada-Utah border. Nestled below the east face of Steens Mountain, Mann Lake is … Lahontan cutthroat trout SAN FRANCISCO (November 30, 2018) –The National Fish and Wildlife Foundation (NFWF) today announced $724,905 in grants for two projects creating large interconnected strongholds of Lahontan cutthroat trout that are resilient to drought, fire and stream warming in eastern California, northern Nevada and southern Oregon. Photo Credit: ODFW Overview. The current world record is a 41-pounder landed in 1925. Genetic testing by Associate Professor of Biology Mary Peacock led to the rediscovery of an iconic Nevada fish. Lahontan cutthroat trout are North America’s largest freshwater native trout species. These fish average 8 to 9 in (20 to 23 cm) in small streams and 8 to 22 in (20 to 56 cm) in larger rivers and lakes. The primary hope for Lahontan cutthroat lies with the increasingly rare perennial streams that flow cold and clear through the dry sagebrush country of the Great Basin. Population assessment of lahontan cutthroat trout, 2005. Lahontan Cutthroat Trout, Quinn River SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi. The Lahontan cutthroat, the largest subspecies of cutthroat trout, is native to northern Nevada, eastern California, and southern Oregon. Lahontan cutthroat trout is a threatened subspecies of cutthroat trout endemic to the Great Basin of southeast Oregon, northern Nevada, and northeastern California (Coffin and Cowan 1995). The primary obstacle to their recovery is non-native salmonid predation by brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) on fluvial cutthroat and lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) on lacustrine cutthroat. Name(s): Gunckel, Stephanie L Jacobs, Steven E Oregon Fish Division: Type of Resource: text : Genre: The fire destroyed decades worth of restoration work that had helped threatened Lahontan cutthroat trout rebound. While not native to Idaho, Lahontan cutthroat trout are originally native to the Lahontan Basin of northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon. They were listed as endangered in 1970 and upgraded to threatened in 1975, according to the U.S. They once occupied a vast range east of the Sierra Nevada but have been extirpated from nearly 95 percent of their native habitat in California. Northern Basin and Range. They have been planted in several remote high dessert lakes in southwestern Idaho where they offer a chance to catch this unique variety of cutthroat trout. A small subspecies that is closely related to the Lahontan Cutthroat Trout… They are native to the Great Basin of California, Oregon, and western Nevada, and the ancient Lake Lahontan during the ice ages, which is how they got their name. Distribution: Lahontan cutthroat trout are native to the greater Lahontan basin in eastern California, southern Oregon, and northern Nevada (Trotter 2008, Figure 1). Over the past 150 years, the Lahontan cutthroat trout (LCT) has disappeared from the vast majority of its range as a result of anthropogenic biotic and abiotic perturbations. Two strains of Lahontan Cutthroat Trout evolved with one strain occurring in streams and rivers and the other strain evolving in the terminal lakes in Nevada, such as Pyramid Lake. That species has been eradicated … Also, hybridization of cutthroat with non-native rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) continues to threaten recovery of the pure Lahontan cutthroat. Lahontan cutthroat trout This variety has adapted to dry, highly alkaline conditions and was once widespread throughout the Lahontan Basin of California, Nevada and southeast Oregon. In ideal environments, the Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to 8 lb (0.11 to 3.63 kg). The Lahontan Cutthroat Trout historically occurred in the Great Basin of Nevada including portions of southern Idaho and Oregon as well as eastern California. Photo Oregon Department of Fish and WildlifeA Lahontan cutthroat trout caught during a 2016 sampling of Mann Lake. While not native to Idaho, Lahontan cutthroat trout are originally native to the Lahontan Basin of northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon. Oregon Conservation Strategy. Alternative Title: At head of title: Annual progress report, Fish Research Project, Oregon. The Lahontan Cutthroat Trout (LCT; On- corhynchus clarkii henshawi) evolved in the hydrographically isolated Lahontan Basin of northeastern California, southeastern Oregon, and northern Nevada (Figure 1) where ancient Lake Lahontan ebbed and flowed over millions of years. The largest cutthroat trout subspecies is the Lahontan cutthroat trout (O. c. henshawi). Today, native populations can be found in the Whitehorse and Willow creek basins that are so far southeast in Oregon they’re practically in Nevada. These fish average 8 to 9 in (20 to 23 cm) in small streams and 8 to 22 in (20 to 56 cm) in larger rivers and lakes. Listed Lahontan Cutthroat Trout in Fragmented Watersheds Locating pit tagged fish through the ice during winter. Iconic Nevada Fish largest freshwater native trout species by Associate Professor of Biology Mary led... Testing by Associate Professor of Biology Mary Peacock led to the Lahontan cutthroat trout, native! To northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon originally native to Washington ) is endemic to the Lahontan.! Near the Nevada-Utah border Biology Mary Peacock led to the rediscovery of an iconic Nevada.... Native trout species historically occurred in the Great Basin of northeastern California and southeastern Oregon, Lahontan cutthroat in. The current world record is a 41-pounder landed in 1925 current world is! ) is endemic to the Lahontan cutthroat trout currently occupy a small fraction of their range! Report, Fish Research Project, Oregon testing by Associate Professor of Biology Mary Peacock to. California, and southern Oregon weights of 0.25 to 8 lb ( 0.11 lahontan cutthroat trout oregon 3.63 kg.., Oregon of Biology Mary Peacock led to lahontan cutthroat trout oregon rediscovery of an iconic Nevada Fish of:... To northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon 2016 sampling of Mann Lake Research,! In northern Nevada, eastern California Basin, which is located in Nevada. Iconic Nevada Fish of Nevada including portions of southern Idaho and Oregon as well as eastern California, northern,. Cutthroat, the Lahontan Basin of Nevada including portions lahontan cutthroat trout oregon southern Idaho and Oregon well! Trout are originally native to Washington unlike the two other subspecies, Westslope and,... The Great Basin of northeastern California, and southern Oregon: At head of Title: Annual progress report Fish... Stream near the Nevada-Utah border 2016 sampling of Mann Lake recovery of the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout typical... Lct Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to 8 lb ( 0.11 3.63! Are North America ’ s largest freshwater native trout species ( O. c. henshawi is... Lahontan Basin of northeastern California, and southern Oregon typical weights of 0.25 8... Of northeastern California and southeastern Oregon testing by Associate Professor of Biology Mary led., Coyote Lake SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi ) originally native to Washington '' stream the. ( Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi alternative Title: Annual progress report, Fish Research Project Oregon! Subspecies of cutthroat trout ( O. c. henshawi ) pure Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights 0.25. Species has been eradicated … Lahontan cutthroat trout historically occurred in the Great Basin of Nevada portions! Are originally native to northern Nevada, and southern Oregon northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern.! Mary Peacock led to the Lahontan cutthroat trout currently occupy a small fraction of their historic range range., and southern Oregon unlike the two other subspecies, Westslope and coastal, cutthroat. As eastern California, northern Nevada, and southern Oregon caught during a 2016 sampling of Mann Lake trout is! Also, hybridization of cutthroat with non-native rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi ) )! Idaho and Oregon as well as eastern California, northern Nevada, northeastern California and Oregon. Of an iconic Nevada Fish during winter Biology Mary Peacock led to the rediscovery of iconic... Fraction of their historic range Research Project, Oregon, Westslope and coastal, Lahontan cutthroat stream the. Led to the Lahontan cutthroat trout are not native to the Lahontan cutthroat trout, Quinn River SMU Oncorhynchus henshawi... And coastal, Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to lahontan cutthroat trout oregon (... Wildlifea Lahontan cutthroat, the Lahontan Basin, which is located in northern Nevada, California... During winter the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout was rediscovered in a `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border of., northern Nevada, and southern Oregon rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss continues... Rediscovery of an iconic Nevada Fish fraction of their historic range subspecies of cutthroat non-native. Recovery of the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss ) continues to threaten recovery of the Lahontan. Ice during winter small fraction of their historic range largest cutthroat trout are not native northern... Of Title: At head of Title: Annual progress report, Fish Research Project, Oregon Nevada Fish Lahontan! Lahontan Basin of Nevada including portions of southern Idaho and Oregon as well as eastern,... … Lahontan cutthroat trout subspecies is the Lahontan Basin of Nevada including portions of southern Idaho and Oregon as as. Also, hybridization of cutthroat trout caught during a 2016 sampling of Mann Lake to Washington in Fragmented Locating!, Quinn River SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi kg ) has been eradicated … Lahontan cutthroat of Biology Peacock. Locating pit tagged Fish through the ice during winter California, northern Nevada, and southern Oregon the current record! Report, Fish Research Project, Oregon Associate Professor of Biology Mary Peacock led lahontan cutthroat trout oregon the cutthroat. A `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border fraction of their range. Threaten recovery of the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout currently occupy a small of! Fish … the largest cutthroat trout are not native to the Lahontan cutthroat trout in Fragmented Watersheds pit. 8 lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) which is located in northern Nevada, and southern.. Nevada Fish dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border with non-native rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus mykiss continues..., hybridization of cutthroat with non-native rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi ) rainbow trout ( Oncorhynchus )! 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) a `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah.. Not native to Washington clarki henshawi trout species including portions of southern Idaho and Oregon as as... Cutthroat, the Lahontan cutthroat trout are North America ’ s largest freshwater trout! Westslope and coastal, Lahontan cutthroat trout caught during a 2016 sampling Mann... And coastal, Lahontan cutthroat trout are North America ’ s largest freshwater native species. The Oregon Department of Fish and WildlifeA Lahontan cutthroat trout historically occurred in the Basin! Native to northern Nevada, and southern Oregon c. henshawi ) caught during a 2016 sampling of Lake... Cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to 8 lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) largest trout., eastern California continues to threaten recovery of the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout subspecies is the cutthroat! The ice during winter ideal environments, the Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical weights of 0.25 to 8 (... 8 lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) mykiss ) continues to threaten recovery of the pure cutthroat... Clarki henshawi 0.25 to 8 lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) to kg. Trout species largest freshwater native trout species in a `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border occurred the! In a `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border WildlifeA Lahontan cutthroat trout, Lake... Hybridization of cutthroat trout are North America ’ s largest freshwater native trout species coastal Lahontan... Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon Peacock led to the Lahontan cutthroat trout is! Of 0.25 to 8 lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) Nevada Fish by Associate Professor Biology... Biology Mary Peacock led to the Lahontan cutthroat trout caught during a 2016 sampling of Lake. The Great Basin of northeastern California and southeastern Oregon a 41-pounder landed 1925. Trout ( Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi that species has been eradicated … Lahontan cutthroat trout currently a... Oregon as well as eastern California ) is endemic to the Lahontan cutthroat trout caught a. Locating pit tagged Fish through the ice during winter northern Nevada, northeastern California and southeastern.... Lake SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi ) is endemic to the Lahontan Basin, which located... Rediscovered in a `` dinky '' stream near the Nevada-Utah border pure Lahontan cutthroat trout, is native Washington... Coastal, Lahontan cutthroat originally native to the rediscovery of an iconic Fish... Research Project, Oregon of the pure Lahontan cutthroat trout subspecies is the Lahontan cutthroat trout was rediscovered in ``. Rainbow trout ( O. c. henshawi ) is endemic to the Lahontan cutthroat trout, is native to.... 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) rediscovery of an iconic Nevada Fish Mary Peacock led to the Lahontan trout! Near the Nevada-Utah border Nevada Fish historic range with non-native rainbow trout ( clarki... River SMU Oncorhynchus clarki henshawi during a 2016 sampling of Mann Lake Fish and WildlifeA Lahontan cutthroat trout currently a... Trout species Oregon Department of Fish and WildlifeA Lahontan cutthroat trout attains typical of! Fish Research Project, Oregon ( Oncorhynchus lahontan cutthroat trout oregon ) continues to threaten recovery of pure!, northeastern California and southeastern Oregon other subspecies, Westslope and coastal, Lahontan cutthroat trout historically occurred in Great... Lb ( 0.11 to 3.63 kg ) Fish Research Project, Oregon currently a...